Tomato Farming in Polyhouse: Yield, Costs, and Handbooks

Polyhouse farming is making waves in the world of modern agriculture, thanks to its affordability. It’s particularly appealing in developing countries like China, India, and parts of the Middle East and Africa. These commercial greenhouses, with their plastic film cover, master the art of creating the perfect environment for plant growth. This is great news for crops like tomatoes that thrive under specific conditions. The benefits? Bigger yields, longer growing seasons, and fewer pests and diseases.

This guide dives into everything you need to know about the financials, yields, and methods of growing tomatoes in polyhouses. Considering a commercial greenhouse? Let us provide you with a quick quote to see if it’s the right move for your tomato venture.

Understanding the Costs of Tomato Cultivation in Polyhouses

Before jumping into polyhouse tomato farming, getting a handle on the costs is crucial. Several factors play a role here. Location matters greatly, affecting costs due to land prices, climate, and labor. The greenhouse’s size and type, plus your choice of climate control, shape your initial and ongoing expenses.

Tomato farming in polyhouse
Tomato farming in polyhouse

For example, in the US, setting up a commercial greenhouse costs between $15 and $35 per square foot. Your farming approach and crop cycle also influence the budget, dictating the resources you’ll need.

Let’s look at a Mississippi project report in 2013 to give you a clearer picture of what you might spend.

Cost CategoryDetailsExample Data (Mississippi, 2013)
Initial Capital InvestmentCost to build a polyethylene-covered greenhouse, including coverings and structure.$20,776
Construction CostsDepend on land prices and the choice of materials and equipment. Covers greenhouse framing, site prep, and utilities like water and gas.Varies based on choices.
Annual Ownership CostsInclude costs like interest, depreciation, insurance, taxes, and fees, plus utilities and maintenance.$6,396
Direct CostsCosts for things needed to grow tomatoes: seedlings, nutrients, and labor for planting, upkeep, and picking. Varies by season.Spring: $2,866, Fall: $2,336, Continuous: $4,580
Total Production CostsSum of direct and annual ownership costs, not counting the initial and construction costs. Shows the yearly cost for two seasonal crops or a year-round crop.Two crops: $11,598, Continuous: $10,976

In the example discussed, growing tomatoes in a polyhouse involves key expenses: an upfront capital investment around $20,776 to build a 24×96 foot polyethylene-covered arch greenhouse; yearly costs of $6,396 for things like depreciation, insurance, and maintenance; and varying direct production costs—about $2,866 for spring, $2,336 for fall, and $4,580 for a year-round crop. Summing it up, the annual expense for two seasonal crops hits $11,598, whereas growing crops continuously costs slightly less, at $10,976.

Tomato Yield Per Acre in Polyhouses

Many factors influence tomato yield, including climate, soil quality, water management, variety selection, pest and disease control, and the use of agricultural technology. According to 2021 data, yields per hectare vary globally due to these factors.

For instance, land-scarce developed countries like those in Western Europe often use greenhouse technology, achieving yields of over 900 tons per acre (or 400 tons per hectare). In contrast, less developed areas employing traditional open-field farming, such as African regions, might see yields as low as a few tons per hectare or acre.

Advanced greenhouse systems can boost yields even in limited land situations. Skilled greenhouse growers can produce around 40 kg per square meter (equivalent to 988 kg per acre). Vertical farming, which makes better use of space, can push yields to over 100 kg per square meter (or 2500 kg per hectare).

Tomato farming in high-tech greenhouse
Tomato farming in high-tech greenhouse

Tomato Cultivation Techniques in Polyhouses

When growing tomatoes in greenhouses, paying attention to several key issues is crucial for crop health and yield. Choosing the right greenhouse structure is the first critical step, as it directly affects creating an ideal growth environment for tomatoes. However, a good structure alone isn’t enough. A precise environmental control system is equally important to maintain optimal temperature, humidity, and lighting.

Bountiful Tomato Harvest in Polyhouses
Bountiful Tomato Harvest in Polyhouses

Moreover, scientific planting management, such as proper planting times, density control, timely fertilization, and irrigation, are decisive factors in improving yield and fruit quality. Effective pest and disease management strategies are also essential for protecting crops and minimizing losses.

Finally, carefully planned harvesting and marketing strategies ensure that produce reaches the market at the best time and condition, maximizing economic benefits.

Polyhouse Tomato Cultivation Handbooks

To help you better understand and tackle these challenges, we will share some useful resources. These resources, including manuals and PDF documents, offer detailed technical guidance and practical advice to optimize cultivation strategies and enhance the yield and quality of greenhouse tomatoes.


In summary, greenhouse farming of tomatoes, by harnessing advanced technologies and best practices, allows growers to achieve significant yields that outpace traditional farming in both volume and quality. Greenhouse agriculture effectively tackles the challenges posed by climate change and limited land availability, enabling all-year-round tomato production to ensure a consistent supply.

Continuous innovation and improvements in greenhouse technology promise a more sustainable future for tomato farming, benefiting producers and consumers alike. This article aims to enhance your understanding of greenhouse tomato cultivation. If you’re exploring the option of setting up a commercial greenhouse, we’re here to provide quick estimates. Don’t hesitate to contact us!

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Project Showcase

Discover our expertise in crafting greenhouses

Recent Articles

Cost of Glass Greenhouse
How Much is Glass Greenhouse for Commercial Use?
April 18, 2024
Commercial Greenhouse Types
18 Different Types Of Commercial Greenhouses
April 15, 2024
before building a commercial glass greenhous
12 Key Factors for Building a Commercial Glass Greenhouse
April 14, 2024


Customizable, professional, and knowledgeable. We produce cost-effective & high-quality commercial greenhouses.

Learn More

Open WhatsApp
Contact us via WhatsApp
Need help with your commercial greenhouse? Click to chat with our team and get personalized solutions.